Registered Extension Number




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Not ratified

Extension and Version Dependencies

Special Uses


Other Extension Metadata

Last Modified Date


IP Status

No known IP claims.

  • Joshua Ashton, Valve

  • Hans-Kristian Arntzen, Valve

  • Philip Rebohle, Valve

  • Liam Middlebrook, NVIDIA

  • Jeff Bolz, NVIDIA

  • Tobias Hector, AMD

  • Faith Ekstrand, Intel

  • Spencer Fricke, Samsung Electronics

  • Graeme Leese, Broadcom

  • Jesse Hall, Google

  • Jan-Harald Fredriksen, ARM

  • Tom Olson, ARM

  • Stuart Smith, Imagination Technologies

  • Donald Scorgie, Imagination Technologies

  • Alex Walters, Imagination Technologies

  • Peter Quayle, Imagination Technologies


This extension provides cross-vendor functionality to specify a custom border color for use when the sampler address mode VK_SAMPLER_ADDRESS_MODE_CLAMP_TO_BORDER is used.

To create a sampler which uses a custom border color set VkSamplerCreateInfo::borderColor to one of:



When VK_BORDER_COLOR_FLOAT_CUSTOM_EXT or VK_BORDER_COLOR_INT_CUSTOM_EXT is used, applications must provide a VkSamplerCustomBorderColorCreateInfoEXT in the pNext chain for VkSamplerCreateInfo.

New Structures

New Enum Constants



  • Extending VkBorderColor:



  • Extending VkStructureType:





1) Should VkClearColorValue be used for the border color value, or should we have our own struct/union? Do we need to specify the type of the input values for the components? This is more of a concern if VkClearColorValue is used here because it provides a union of float,int,uint types.

RESOLVED: Will reuse existing VkClearColorValue structure in order to easily take advantage of float,int,uint borderColor types.

2) For hardware which supports a limited number of border colors what happens if that number is exceeded? Should this be handled by the driver unbeknownst to the application? In Revision 1 we had solved this issue using a new Object type, however that may have lead to additional system resource consumption which would otherwise not be required.

RESOLVED: Added VkPhysicalDeviceCustomBorderColorPropertiesEXT::maxCustomBorderColorSamplers for tracking implementation-specific limit, and Valid Usage statement handling overflow.

3) Should this be supported for immutable samplers at all, or by a feature bit? Some implementations may not be able to support custom border colors on immutable samplers — is it worthwhile enabling this to work on them for implementations that can support it, or forbidding it entirely.

RESOLVED: Samplers created with a custom border color are forbidden from being immutable. This resolves concerns for implementations where the custom border color is an index to a LUT instead of being directly embedded into sampler state.

4) Should UINT and SINT (unsigned integer and signed integer) border color types be separated or should they be combined into one generic INT (integer) type?

RESOLVED: Separating these does not make much sense as the existing fixed border color types do not have this distinction, and there is no reason in hardware to do so. This separation would also create unnecessary work and considerations for the application.

Version History

  • Revision 1, 2019-10-10 (Joshua Ashton)

    • Internal revisions.

  • Revision 2, 2019-10-11 (Liam Middlebrook)

    • Remove VkCustomBorderColor object and associated functions

    • Add issues concerning HW limitations for custom border color count

  • Revision 3, 2019-10-12 (Joshua Ashton)

    • Re-expose the limits for the maximum number of unique border colors

    • Add extra details about border color tracking

    • Fix typos

  • Revision 4, 2019-10-12 (Joshua Ashton)

    • Changed maxUniqueCustomBorderColors to a uint32_t from a VkDeviceSize

  • Revision 5, 2019-10-14 (Liam Middlebrook)

    • Added features bit

  • Revision 6, 2019-10-15 (Joshua Ashton)


    • Fix const-ness on pNext of VkSamplerCustomBorderColorCreateInfoEXT

  • Revision 7, 2019-11-26 (Liam Middlebrook)

    • Renamed maxUniqueCustomBorderColors to maxCustomBorderColors

  • Revision 8, 2019-11-29 (Joshua Ashton)

    • Renamed borderColor member of VkSamplerCustomBorderColorCreateInfoEXT to customBorderColor

  • Revision 9, 2020-02-19 (Joshua Ashton)

    • Renamed maxCustomBorderColors to maxCustomBorderColorSamplers

  • Revision 10, 2020-02-21 (Joshua Ashton)

    • Added format to VkSamplerCustomBorderColorCreateInfoEXT and feature bit

  • Revision 11, 2020-04-07 (Joshua Ashton)

    • Dropped UINT/SINT border color differences, consolidated types

  • Revision 12, 2020-04-16 (Joshua Ashton)


See Also

Document Notes

For more information, see the Vulkan Specification

This page is a generated document. Fixes and changes should be made to the generator scripts, not directly.

Copyright 2014-2023 The Khronos Group Inc.

SPDX-License-Identifier: CC-BY-4.0