C Specification

To obtain format properties of an Android hardware buffer, include a VkAndroidHardwareBufferFormatPropertiesANDROID structure in the pNext chain of the VkAndroidHardwareBufferPropertiesANDROID structure passed to vkGetAndroidHardwareBufferPropertiesANDROID. This structure is defined as:

// Provided by VK_ANDROID_external_memory_android_hardware_buffer
typedef struct VkAndroidHardwareBufferFormatPropertiesANDROID {
    VkStructureType                  sType;
    void*                            pNext;
    VkFormat                         format;
    uint64_t                         externalFormat;
    VkFormatFeatureFlags             formatFeatures;
    VkComponentMapping               samplerYcbcrConversionComponents;
    VkSamplerYcbcrModelConversion    suggestedYcbcrModel;
    VkSamplerYcbcrRange              suggestedYcbcrRange;
    VkChromaLocation                 suggestedXChromaOffset;
    VkChromaLocation                 suggestedYChromaOffset;
} VkAndroidHardwareBufferFormatPropertiesANDROID;


  • sType is a VkStructureType value identifying this structure.

  • pNext is NULL or a pointer to a structure extending this structure.

  • format is the Vulkan format corresponding to the Android hardware buffer’s format, or VK_FORMAT_UNDEFINED if there is not an equivalent Vulkan format.

  • externalFormat is an implementation-defined external format identifier for use with VkExternalFormatANDROID. It must not be zero.

  • formatFeatures describes the capabilities of this external format when used with an image bound to memory imported from buffer.

  • samplerYcbcrConversionComponents is the component swizzle that should be used in VkSamplerYcbcrConversionCreateInfo.

  • suggestedYcbcrModel is a suggested color model to use in the VkSamplerYcbcrConversionCreateInfo.

  • suggestedYcbcrRange is a suggested numerical value range to use in VkSamplerYcbcrConversionCreateInfo.

  • suggestedXChromaOffset is a suggested X chroma offset to use in VkSamplerYcbcrConversionCreateInfo.

  • suggestedYChromaOffset is a suggested Y chroma offset to use in VkSamplerYcbcrConversionCreateInfo.


If the Android hardware buffer has one of the formats listed in the Format Equivalence table, then format must have the equivalent Vulkan format listed in the table. Otherwise, format may be VK_FORMAT_UNDEFINED, indicating the Android hardware buffer can only be used with an external format.



The formatFeatures member only indicates the features available when using an external-format image created from the Android hardware buffer. Images from Android hardware buffers with a format other than VK_FORMAT_UNDEFINED are subject to the format capabilities obtained from vkGetPhysicalDeviceFormatProperties2, and vkGetPhysicalDeviceImageFormatProperties2 with appropriate parameters. These sets of features are independent of each other, e.g. the external format will support sampler Y′CBCR conversion even if the non-external format does not, and rendering directly to the external format will not be supported even if the non-external format does support this.

Android hardware buffers with the same external format must have the same support for VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_SAMPLED_IMAGE_FILTER_LINEAR_BIT, VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_MIDPOINT_CHROMA_SAMPLES_BIT, VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_COSITED_CHROMA_SAMPLES_BIT, VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_SAMPLED_IMAGE_YCBCR_CONVERSION_LINEAR_FILTER_BIT, VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_SAMPLED_IMAGE_YCBCR_CONVERSION_SEPARATE_RECONSTRUCTION_FILTER_BIT, and VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_SAMPLED_IMAGE_YCBCR_CONVERSION_CHROMA_RECONSTRUCTION_EXPLICIT_FORCEABLE_BIT. in formatFeatures. Other format features may differ between Android hardware buffers that have the same external format. This allows applications to use the same VkSamplerYcbcrConversion object (and samplers and pipelines created from them) for any Android hardware buffers that have the same external format.

If format is not VK_FORMAT_UNDEFINED, then the value of samplerYcbcrConversionComponents must be valid when used as the components member of VkSamplerYcbcrConversionCreateInfo with that format. If format is VK_FORMAT_UNDEFINED, all members of samplerYcbcrConversionComponents must be the identity swizzle.

Implementations may not always be able to determine the color model, numerical range, or chroma offsets of the image contents, so the values in VkAndroidHardwareBufferFormatPropertiesANDROID are only suggestions. Applications should treat these values as sensible defaults to use in the absence of more reliable information obtained through some other means. If the underlying physical device is also usable via OpenGL ES with the GL_OES_EGL_image_external extension, the implementation should suggest values that will produce similar sampled values as would be obtained by sampling the same external image via samplerExternalOES in OpenGL ES using equivalent sampler parameters.


Since GL_OES_EGL_image_external does not require the same sampling and conversion calculations as Vulkan does, achieving identical results between APIs may not be possible on some implementations.

Valid Usage (Implicit)
  • VUID-VkAndroidHardwareBufferFormatPropertiesANDROID-sType-sType

See Also

Document Notes

For more information, see the Vulkan Specification

This page is extracted from the Vulkan Specification. Fixes and changes should be made to the Specification, not directly.

Copyright 2014-2024 The Khronos Group Inc.

SPDX-License-Identifier: CC-BY-4.0