C Specification

The VkPresentInfoKHR structure is defined as:

// Provided by VK_KHR_swapchain
typedef struct VkPresentInfoKHR {
    VkStructureType          sType;
    const void*              pNext;
    uint32_t                 waitSemaphoreCount;
    const VkSemaphore*       pWaitSemaphores;
    uint32_t                 swapchainCount;
    const VkSwapchainKHR*    pSwapchains;
    const uint32_t*          pImageIndices;
    VkResult*                pResults;
} VkPresentInfoKHR;


  • sType is a VkStructureType value identifying this structure.

  • pNext is NULL or a pointer to a structure extending this structure.

  • waitSemaphoreCount is the number of semaphores to wait for before issuing the present request. The number may be zero.

  • pWaitSemaphores is NULL or a pointer to an array of VkSemaphore objects with waitSemaphoreCount entries, and specifies the semaphores to wait for before issuing the present request.

  • swapchainCount is the number of swapchains being presented to by this command.

  • pSwapchains is a pointer to an array of VkSwapchainKHR objects with swapchainCount entries.

  • pImageIndices is a pointer to an array of indices into the array of each swapchain’s presentable images, with swapchainCount entries. Each entry in this array identifies the image to present on the corresponding entry in the pSwapchains array.

  • pResults is a pointer to an array of VkResult typed elements with swapchainCount entries. Applications that do not need per-swapchain results can use NULL for pResults. If non-NULL, each entry in pResults will be set to the VkResult for presenting the swapchain corresponding to the same index in pSwapchains.


Before an application can present an image, the image’s layout must be transitioned to the VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_PRESENT_SRC_KHR layout, or for a shared presentable image the VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_SHARED_PRESENT_KHR layout.


When transitioning the image to VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_SHARED_PRESENT_KHR or VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_PRESENT_SRC_KHR, there is no need to delay subsequent processing, or perform any visibility operations (as vkQueuePresentKHR performs automatic visibility operations). To achieve this, the dstAccessMask member of the VkImageMemoryBarrier should be set to 0, and the dstStageMask parameter should be set to VK_PIPELINE_STAGE_BOTTOM_OF_PIPE_BIT.

Valid Usage
  • VUID-VkPresentInfoKHR-pSwapchain-09231
    Elements of pSwapchain must be unique

  • VUID-VkPresentInfoKHR-pImageIndices-01430
    Each element of pImageIndices must be the index of a presentable image acquired from the swapchain specified by the corresponding element of the pSwapchains array, and the presented image subresource must be in the VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_PRESENT_SRC_KHR or VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_SHARED_PRESENT_KHR layout at the time the operation is executed on a VkDevice

  • VUID-VkPresentInfoKHR-pNext-06235
    If a VkPresentIdKHR structure is included in the pNext chain, and the presentId feature is not enabled, each presentIds entry in that structure must be NULL

  • VUID-VkPresentInfoKHR-pSwapchains-09199
    If any element of the pSwapchains array has been created with VkSwapchainPresentModesCreateInfoEXT, all of the elements of this array must be created with VkSwapchainPresentModesCreateInfoEXT

Valid Usage (Implicit)
  • VUID-VkPresentInfoKHR-sType-sType

  • VUID-VkPresentInfoKHR-pNext-pNext
    Each pNext member of any structure (including this one) in the pNext chain must be either NULL or a pointer to a valid instance of VkDeviceGroupPresentInfoKHR, VkDisplayPresentInfoKHR, VkFrameBoundaryEXT, VkPresentFrameTokenGGP, VkPresentIdKHR, VkPresentRegionsKHR, VkPresentTimesInfoGOOGLE, VkSwapchainPresentFenceInfoEXT, or VkSwapchainPresentModeInfoEXT

  • VUID-VkPresentInfoKHR-sType-unique
    The sType value of each struct in the pNext chain must be unique

  • VUID-VkPresentInfoKHR-pWaitSemaphores-parameter
    If waitSemaphoreCount is not 0, pWaitSemaphores must be a valid pointer to an array of waitSemaphoreCount valid VkSemaphore handles

  • VUID-VkPresentInfoKHR-pSwapchains-parameter
    pSwapchains must be a valid pointer to an array of swapchainCount valid VkSwapchainKHR handles

  • VUID-VkPresentInfoKHR-pImageIndices-parameter
    pImageIndices must be a valid pointer to an array of swapchainCount uint32_t values

  • VUID-VkPresentInfoKHR-pResults-parameter
    If pResults is not NULL, pResults must be a valid pointer to an array of swapchainCount VkResult values

  • VUID-VkPresentInfoKHR-swapchainCount-arraylength
    swapchainCount must be greater than 0

  • VUID-VkPresentInfoKHR-commonparent
    Both of the elements of pSwapchains, and the elements of pWaitSemaphores that are valid handles of non-ignored parameters must have been created, allocated, or retrieved from the same VkDevice

See Also

Document Notes

For more information, see the Vulkan Specification

This page is extracted from the Vulkan Specification. Fixes and changes should be made to the Specification, not directly.

Copyright 2014-2024 The Khronos Group Inc.

SPDX-License-Identifier: CC-BY-4.0