C Specification

To assign a thread to a deferred operation, call:

// Provided by VK_KHR_deferred_host_operations
VkResult vkDeferredOperationJoinKHR(
    VkDevice                                    device,
    VkDeferredOperationKHR                      operation);


  • device is the device which owns operation.

  • operation is the deferred operation that the calling thread should work on.


The vkDeferredOperationJoinKHR command will execute a portion of the deferred operation on the calling thread.

The return value will be one of the following:

  • A return value of VK_SUCCESS indicates that operation is complete. The application should use vkGetDeferredOperationResultKHR to retrieve the result of operation.

  • A return value of VK_THREAD_DONE_KHR indicates that the deferred operation is not complete, but there is no work remaining to assign to threads. Future calls to vkDeferredOperationJoinKHR are not necessary and will simply harm performance. This situation may occur when other threads executing vkDeferredOperationJoinKHR are about to complete operation, and the implementation is unable to partition the workload any further.

  • A return value of VK_THREAD_IDLE_KHR indicates that the deferred operation is not complete, and there is no work for the thread to do at the time of the call. This situation may occur if the operation encounters a temporary reduction in parallelism. By returning VK_THREAD_IDLE_KHR, the implementation is signaling that it expects that more opportunities for parallelism will emerge as execution progresses, and that future calls to vkDeferredOperationJoinKHR can be beneficial. In the meantime, the application can perform other work on the calling thread.

Implementations must guarantee forward progress by enforcing the following invariants:

  1. If only one thread has invoked vkDeferredOperationJoinKHR on a given operation, that thread must execute the operation to completion and return VK_SUCCESS.

  2. If multiple threads have concurrently invoked vkDeferredOperationJoinKHR on the same operation, then at least one of them must complete the operation and return VK_SUCCESS.

Valid Usage (Implicit)
  • VUID-vkDeferredOperationJoinKHR-device-parameter
    device must be a valid VkDevice handle

  • VUID-vkDeferredOperationJoinKHR-operation-parameter
    operation must be a valid VkDeferredOperationKHR handle

  • VUID-vkDeferredOperationJoinKHR-operation-parent
    operation must have been created, allocated, or retrieved from device

Return Codes
On success, this command returns



On failure, this command returns


See Also

Document Notes

For more information, see the Vulkan Specification

This page is extracted from the Vulkan Specification. Fixes and changes should be made to the Specification, not directly.

Copyright 2014-2024 The Khronos Group Inc.

SPDX-License-Identifier: CC-BY-4.0